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Supervisor的安装与使用入门

Supervisor是一个进程监控程序。

满足的需求是:我现在有一个进程需要每时每刻不断的跑,但是这个进程又有可能由于各种原因有可能中断。当进程中断的时候我希望能自动重新启动它,此时,我就需要使用到了Supervisor.

先弄懂两个命令:

supervisord : supervisor的服务器端部分,启动supervisor就是运行这个命令

supervisorctl:启动supervisor的命令行窗口。

需求:./open_search 这个进程是运行go的一个服务。我们要求这个服务能在意外停止后自动重启。

安装(Centos):

yum install python-setuptools

easy_install supervisor

测试是否安装成功

echo_supervisord_conf

会显示以下内容,其实是一个配置模版:

; Sample supervisor config file.
;
; For more information on the config file, please see:
; http://supervisord.org/configuration.html
;
; Note: shell expansion ("~" or "$HOME") is not supported. Environment
; variables can be expanded using this syntax: "%(ENV_HOME)s".

[unix_http_server]
file=/tmp/supervisor.sock ; (the path to the socket file)
;chmod=0700 ; socket file mode (default 0700)
;chown=nobody:nogroup ; socket file uid:gid owner
;username=user ; (default is no username (open server))
;password=123 ; (default is no password (open server))

;[inet_http_server] ; inet (TCP) server disabled by default
;port=127.0.0.1:9001 ; (ip_address:port specifier, *:port for all iface)
;username=user ; (default is no username (open server))
;password=123 ; (default is no password (open server))

[supervisord]
logfile=/tmp/supervisord.log ; (main log file;default $CWD/supervisord.log)
logfile_maxbytes=50MB ; (max main logfile bytes b4 rotation;default 50MB)
logfile_backups=10 ; (num of main logfile rotation backups;default 10)
loglevel=info ; (log level;default info; others: debug,warn,trace)
pidfile=/tmp/supervisord.pid ; (supervisord pidfile;default supervisord.pid)
……

; the below section must remain in the config file for RPC
; (supervisorctl/web interface) to work, additional interfaces may be
; added by defining them in separate rpcinterface: sections
[rpcinterface:supervisor]
supervisor.rpcinterface_factory = supervisor.rpcinterface:make_main_rpcinterface

[supervisorctl]
serverurl=unix:///tmp/supervisor.sock ; use a unix:// URL for a unix socket
;serverurl=http://127.0.0.1:9001 ; use an http:// url to specify an inet socket
;username=chris ; should be same as http_username if set
;password=123 ; should be same as http_password if set
;prompt=mysupervisor ; cmd line prompt (default "supervisor")
;history_file=~/.sc_history ; use readline history if available

; The below sample program section shows all possible program subsection values,
; create one or more ‘real’ program: sections to be able to control them under
; supervisor.

;[program:theprogramname]
;command=/bin/cat ; the program (relative uses PATH, can take args)
;process_name=%(program_name)s ; process_name expr (default %(program_name)s)
;numprocs=1 ; number of processes copies to start (def 1)
;directory=/tmp ; directory to cwd to before exec (def no cwd)
;umask=022 ; umask for process (default None)
;priority=999 ; the relative start priority (default 999)
;autostart=true ; start at supervisord start (default: true)
;autorestart=unexpected ; whether/when to restart (default: unexpected)
;startsecs=1 ; number of secs prog must stay running (def. 1)
;startretries=3 ; max # of serial start failures (default 3)
;exitcodes=0,2 ; ‘expected’ exit codes for process (default 0,2)
;stopsignal=QUIT ; signal used to kill process (default TERM)
;stopwaitsecs=10 ; max num secs to wait b4 SIGKILL (default 10)
……

;[include]
;files = relative/directory/*.ini

创建配置文件

echo_supervisord_conf > /etc/supervisord.conf

修改配置文件

在supervisord.conf最后增加(分号后边的表示注释,可以不写):

[program:open_search]
command=/home/s/www/fukun/gopath/src/open_search/open_search ;需要执行的命令
directory=/home/s/www/fukun/gopath/src/open_search/ ; directory to cwd to before exec (def no cwd)
autostart=true ; start at supervisord start (default: true)
autorestart=true ; whether/when to restart (default: unexpected)
startsecs=3 ; number of secs prog must stay running (def. 1)
redirect_stderr=true ; redirect proc stderr to stdout (default false) 错误输出重定向
stdout_logfile=/tmp/open_search_gorun.log ; stdout log path, NONE for none; default AUTO, log输出

(更多配置说明请参考:http://supervisord.org/configuration.html)

运行命令

supervisord //启动supervisor

supervisorctl //打开命令行

[root@vm14211 ~]# supervisorctl
redis RUNNING pid 24068, uptime 3:41:55

ctl中: help //查看命令

ctl中: status //查看状态

另外有一个坑需要注意:
如果修改了 /etc/supervisord.conf ,,需要执行 supervisorctl reload 来重新加载配置文件,否则会感觉没有生效,折腾到抓狂。。。

部分摘自:叶剑峰的BLOG

  1. fantiq 5月 28th, 2016 @ 18:48 | #1

    配置里好像要加 user 选项 , 不然启动的时候报错

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